...we've got the means to make amends. I am lost, I'm no guide, but I'm by your side. (Pearl Jam, Leash)

Sunday, June 17, 2007

It was 40 years ago today :: Monterey International Pop Festival

[photo from this great article]

Forty years ago this weekend, the epic Monterey International Pop Festival took place at the fairgrounds in Monterey, California, about an hour from where I grew up. Almost every musically and culturally significant artist of the day played this weekend, two years before Woodstock and the first large-scale rock festival in this new vocabulary of music.

The Monterey Pop Festival marked the first major U.S. performances of Jimi Hendrix (who was booked at the insistence of board member Paul McCartney) and Janis Joplin, and also introduced Otis Redding for the first time to a wider American audience beyond the South. The Beach Boys were supposed to play but cancelled, and in true Sixties form, Donovan was denied an entrance visa due to a 1966 drug bust.

Along with the release of Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band from the Beatles two weeks prior, the festival kicked off what would come to be known as the Summer of Love. More than 200,000 people attended the festival (and I'll bet that crowd smelled really . . . pungent), and the admission fee was a mere $1.

One of my favorite records is something I got a year or two ago from Amoeba Records on Haight in San Francisco during a music dig (a favorite pastime). One shiny black side features Jimi Hendrix's incendiary performance from that watershed festival, the other side Otis Redding's most monumental performance at that point in his career.

From the liner notes on the back of of this 1970 record (scanned above):

Jimi Hendrix, Mitch Mitchell, and Noel Redding were the rage of England in that summer of love and psychedelica but they had yet to play the United States and thus were no more than a rumor to most of the Monterey crowd. Their appearance at the festival was magical: the way they looked, the way they performed, and the way they sounded were light years away from anything anyone had seen before.

The Jimi Hendrix Experience owned the future and the audience knew it in an instant. The banks of amplifiers and speakers wailing and groaning as Hendrix's fingers scurried across the strings of his guitar gave the trio's music as much density as other rock groups were getting out of the studio 8-track tape machines. And, of course, Hendrix is a masterful --though seemingly off-hand-- performer. Pete Townshend of The Who had become famous for destroying his guitar. Hendrix carried the ritual a couple of fantasies farther with lighter fluid and dramatic playing positions in "Wild Thing." When Jimi left the stage he had graduated from rumor to legend.

Killing Floor
Foxy Lady
Like A Rolling Stone
Rock Me Baby
Hey Joe
Can You See Me
The Wind Cries Mary
Purple Haze
Wild Thing

Otis Redding had been performing and recording for five years, but his fame and his following --despite a couple of undeniable hit records-- were largely confined to black rhythm and blues audiences in America and to Europe, where he and the Stax/Volt Revue had a justly fanatic following. The Monterey International Pop Festival was comprised of rock people who were still a year or two away from rediscovering their roots, "the love crowd," as he characterized them.

It's difficult to characterize the extent of his impact Saturday night. He was the last act in a day of music which had left the spectators satiated and pleasantly exhausted. Redding went on around midnight, close to the curfew agreed upon by festival organizers and the local police department and sherrif's office. Booker T. and the MGs and The MarKeys had played a brief instrumental set and played onstage to back Redding. Within moments after Otis Redding hit the stage, the crowd was on its feet, and --for the first and only time in a weekend of five massive concerts-- was impulsively rushing toward the stage to dance in the warmth of his fire.

He rocked and rolled past the curfew with a dazzling performance which no one could think of stopping. That night he gave the Monterey International Pop Festival its high point and he was embraced by the rock crowd as a new-found hero. Six months later he was killed in a place crash, leaving Monterey as perhaps the high point in his performing career.

I've Been Loving You Too Long
Try A Little Tenderness


Festival Introduction - John Phillips
Along Comes Mary - The Association
Love Is A Hurtin Thing - Lou Rawls
San Francisco Nights - Eric Burdon & The Animals
Ball and Chain - Big Brother & The Holding Company
Mystery Train - Butterfield Blues Band
Mercury Blues - Steve Miller Band
So You Wanna Be A Rock N Roll Star - The Byrds
Dhun: Fast Teental - Ravi Shankar
Wake Me, Shake Me - The Blues Project
Somebody To Love - Jefferson Airplane
Summertime Blues - The Who
My Generation - The Who
California Dreamin' - The Mamas and The Papas


In true 2007 fashion, the festival has a blog here, and last night they screened the footage from the festival in downtown Monterey with an interview by documentary producer, the famed D.A. Pennebaker. Some info here is from the wiki, and you can waste several hours watching footage from the festival on YouTube.

What a weekend.

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At June 17, 2007 1:56 PM, Anonymous James! said...

I'm never let down by your posts. I saw the title and I thought "I hope she has a bunch of performances" and you came through in full. I'm excited to hear the Otis tracks!

At June 17, 2007 2:53 PM, Blogger SINEDDIE said...

Hendrix is over rated...

At June 17, 2007 4:17 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

no he's not

At June 17, 2007 7:44 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Thanks for posting all these tunes. With so much great music from this event (and knowing the limitations of bandwidth) I only wish you could have posted the Ravi Shankar piece that closed the show. He did for world music what Otis did for R&B. It's on YouTube for those who want to check it out.

Thanks again!
PS: Hendrix is NOT overrated.

At June 17, 2007 7:49 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Curt again, saw you DID post the Shankar...my bad, and MANY THANKS!

At June 18, 2007 3:46 AM, Blogger Satisfied '75 said...

nice rack

At June 18, 2007 5:51 AM, Blogger bigshoulders said...

Fantastic post!
Especially appreciate the Otis Redding.

Talk about someone that left us too soon...

thanks Heather!


At June 18, 2007 7:59 AM, Blogger Archimidis P. said...

A great idea for a radio show, Heather, although it will be a lot of work to do (articles, tracks, opinions, review, etc). Keep on the good job! :)

At June 18, 2007 8:57 AM, Anonymous Dan said...

Thank you darlin'.

At June 18, 2007 2:31 PM, Blogger Donald Krieger said...

Great post. I went to Monterey Pop when I was fifteen. It influenced the rest of my life. I've just finished a 4-part blog on my adventures that weekend...
Check it out at : http://donaldlife.blogspot.com/

Thanks for remembering this moment in time.
Donald K.

At June 18, 2007 3:19 PM, Blogger JJS III said...

THANK YOU x 1 million.

I've been looking for this live version of Otis Redding's "Respect" for a while now.

At June 18, 2007 4:10 PM, Blogger marc said...

Damn, Heather!
That was one solid post. LOVE the Otis! Phenomenal.

Thank you, Heather!

At June 19, 2007 7:31 AM, Anonymous James Cassara said...

I vaguely remember seeing the Monterey Pop movie at a smoked filled midnight theatre in Miami. This would have been around 1975, and I've not heard the music since.
You Heather, are a Saint! Rarely a day goes by that I don't gleam some great info and great music from your site. Thanks as always.

At June 20, 2007 11:19 AM, Blogger Nazz Nomad said...

awesome! thanks!

At June 21, 2007 1:41 PM, Blogger John Left said...

The greatest pop festival I never attended---the greatest pop festival ever. Even moreso than Woodstock which, in my opinion, was overrated.

At June 22, 2007 1:58 AM, Anonymous Hugo Dutchtwang said...

Great post, thanksalot

At June 25, 2007 12:41 AM, Blogger Andy Grabia said...

"It was 40 years ago today"

Nice Sgt. Peppers reference.

At June 25, 2007 4:34 AM, Blogger Myriem said...

The Redding set - omg! thanks so much for this post.

At June 26, 2007 6:29 PM, Blogger Lauren said...

Fabulous! That is a great album - it's one of my favorites, especially in the strangeness of how it's set up. Thanks for sharing the love.

(Is there anyway you could reupload the album tracks? I've been sad for YEARS that I had no way of transferring this to mp3... and now that I've found this the links have expired!)


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